How to Buy Shares Online in Nigeria – Buying stocks or shares online is not as complicated as it sounds. Though you will need to be guided properly and that is exactly what this article stands to do for you.
Follow this post with your undivided attention if you are interested in buying shares in any part of the world and learn the lingo before taking off to invest.
How to Buy Shares Online in Nigeria Step-by-Step Guide
To buy stocks, you’ll need to open a brokerage account, which takes around 15 minutes to set up. After you’ve put funds into your account, you may proceed to the steps below to search, choose, and invest in particular firms.
Buying stocks may appear complicated at first, but it is actually rather simple. Here are five steps to assist you in purchasing your first stock:
1. Choose an online stockbroker.
An online stockbroker is the most convenient way to purchase stocks. You may buy stocks on the broker’s website in minutes after creating and financing your account. Another alternative is to use a full-service stockbroker or to purchase stock directly from the firm.
It is as simple to open an online brokerage account as it is to open a bank account:
You fill out an account application, submit identification, and decide whether to fund the account with a cheque or electronically transfer funds.
2. Do your homework on the stocks you intend to acquire.
After you’ve set up and financed your brokerage account, it’s time to start choosing stocks. An excellent place to start is by researching firms you already know from your consumer experiences.
Don’t allow the torrent of data and real-time market fluctuations to overwhelm you when conducting your investigation. Keep your goal simple: you’re looking for firms in which you wish to invest.
“Buy into a firm because you want to own it, not because you want the stock to go up,” Warren Buffett famously quipped. He’s done rather well for himself by adhering to that guideline.
Once you’ve chosen these businesses, it’s time to perform some investigation. Begin with the annual report of the corporation, especially the annual letter to shareholders from management. The letter will offer you a basic narrative of what’s going on in the business as well as context for the data in the report.
Following that, the majority of the information and analytical tools you’ll need to analyze the firm will be available on your broker’s website, including SEC filings, conference call transcripts, quarterly earnings reports, and current news. Most online brokers also provide tutorials on how to trade. to utilize their tools and even rudimentary workshops on stock selection
3. Determine the number of shares to purchase.
There should be no pressure on you to acquire a specific amount of shares or to load your whole portfolio with a single stock all at once. To get your feet wet, start with paper trading on a stock market simulator.
Paper trading teaches you how to purchase and sell stocks using simulated money. If you’re willing to put down actual money, you may start small – incredibly modest.
You may buy only one share to get a sense of what it’s like to own individual stocks and whether you have the endurance to ride through the tough periods with little sleep loss.
As you grasp the shareholder swagger, you will be able to advance your position.
New stock investors may also be interested in fractional shares, a relatively new option from online brokers that allows you to purchase a piece of a stock rather than the entire share. That implies you may invest in expensive stocks with a much lesser amount. Brokers that provide fractional shares include SoFi Active Investing, Robinhood, and Charles Schwab.
Many brokerages also provide a tool for converting cash amounts to shares. This is useful if you have a certain sum to invest — say, $500 — and want to know how many shares that money can purchase.
4. Select the type of stock order you want to place.
Don’t be turned off by the jumble of numbers and illogical word combinations on your broker’s online purchase page. Refer to the following glossary of basic stock-trading terms:
There are a lot more complicated trading actions and order kinds. Don’t bother just now, or perhaps ever. Investors have created profitable careers exclusively by using two types of orders: market orders and limit orders.
Orders on the market
A market order indicates that you want to purchase or sell the stock at the best possible current market price. Because a market order has no price limitations, your order will be executed quickly and fully filled, unless you’re attempting a takeover coup by purchasing a million shares.
Don’t be startled if the price you pay — or receive if you’re selling — differs from the amount you were given just seconds before. Throughout the day, bid and ask prices change.
As a result, a market order is best employed for purchasing stocks that do not have huge price movements – large, consistent blue-chip firms as opposed to smaller, more volatile ones.
Good to Note:
- A market order is excellent for buy-and-hold investors who care more about ensuring that the trade is completely executed than about slight price fluctuations.
- If you place a market order trade “after hours,” when the markets have closed for the day, your order will be filled at the prevailing price when the exchanges reopen for trading the following day.
- Examine the transaction execution disclaimer provided by your broker. Some low-cost brokers group all customer trade requests together and execute them all at once at the current price, either at the conclusion of the trading day or at a certain time or day of the week.
Orders must be limited.
With a limit order, you have greater say over the price at which your trade is executed. If XYZ stock is selling at $100 per share and you believe a price of $95 per share is better in line with how you value the firm, a limit order instructs your broker to hold tight and execute your order only when they ask for price falls to that level. A limit order instructs your broker to sell the shares whenever the bid reaches the level you choose.
Limit orders are a useful tool for investors who buy and sell smaller business stocks, which tend to have bigger spreads depending on investor activity. They’re also useful for investing during times of short-term stock market instability or when the stock price is more significant than order fulfilment.
Additional criteria can be added to a limit order to regulate how long the order remains available. An “all or none” (AON) order will only be executed if all of the shares you want to trade are available at your price limit.
Even if the order has not been fully filled, a “good for day” (GFD) order will expire at the conclusion of the trading day. A “good till cancelled” (GTC) order is valid until the consumer cancels it or the order expires, which might take anywhere from 60 to 120 days.
Good to Note:
- While a limit order ensures the price you’ll receive if the order is executed, there’s no assurance that the order will be filled completely, partially, or at all. Limit orders are made on a first-come, first-served basis, aftermarket orders have been filled, and only if the stock remains within your specified parameters long enough for the broker to complete the deal.
- Limit orders may incur more commissions than market orders. A limit order that cannot be completed in full at one time or on a single trading day may be filled across many days, with transaction charges levied each day a trade is conducted. If the stock never reaches the level of your limit order by the time it expires, the trade will not be executed.
5. Improve your stock portfolio
We hope that your first stock purchase is the start of a lifelong journey of successful investment. But, if things get tough, keep in mind that every investor, including Warren Buffett, passes through rocky times. The key to long-term success is to maintain your perspective and focus on the things you can control. Market gyrations are not one of them. However, you do have some power over a few things.
Once you’ve mastered the stock-buying process, you may branch out into other sectors of the financial industry. How will mutual funds fit into your investing strategy? Have you established a retirement account, such as an IRA, in addition to a brokerage account? Opening a brokerage account and purchasing stocks is a good start, but it is only the beginning of your financial adventure.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS _ How to Buy Shares Online in Nigeria
What are the greatest stocks for first-time investors?
Because there is no one “best stock,” many financial counsellors recommend investing in low-cost index funds. However, if you wish to add a few specific companies to your portfolio, beginners should pick S&P 500 blue-chip stocks.
These are some of the most stable enterprises in the country, having a track record of providing long-term returns to investors.
Is today a good time to invest in stocks?
The fact is that you’ll never know when it’s the best moment to buy stocks. However, if you intend to invest for the long term (say, more than five years), the best time to buy stocks may be as soon as you have the funds.
Even if the market drops soon after you invest, you’ll have plenty of time to recover your losses. And the only way to ensure you’ll be a part of any stock market rebound and development from the start is to buy before it begins.
What are some good inexpensive stocks to buy right now?
It’s crucial to remember that a stock’s price doesn’t tell you all you need to know about a firm you’re thinking about investing in. Price represents how much investors are willing to pay to acquire or sell the stock — not the company’s intrinsic worth or the direction of the stock price. Just because a stock is “cheap” doesn’t make it a smart investment.
However, there are methods for locating equities that may be undervalued. This method assists investors in identifying proven firms with stock prices that may be lower than the company is worth owing to external causes such as a declining stock market.
How many shares should I purchase?
The number of shares you purchase is determined by the amount of money you choose to invest. If the share price is $50 and you have $500 to invest, you could buy ten shares. And if your brokerage does not allow fractional trading and your figures aren’t so tidy, you’ll have to round down.
If the stock price is $51 and you have $500 to invest, you can only buy nine shares because ten would cost $510.
Are stocks and shares interchangeable?
Yes, for the most part. Owning “stock” and “shares” both imply ownership — or equity — in a corporation. Typically, “shares” relate to the size of an ownership holding in a certain firm, whereas “stock” refers to equity as a whole. “I acquired 10 shares of Apple,” for example, or “I have stock in Apple, Facebook, and Amazon.”
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